basketball Strength and Conditioning tips
Basketball Strategies

Strength and Conditioning Tips for Top Basketball Performance

Proper conditioning is essential for athletic performance and health, as well as preparing your body for the rigors of competition and the demands of your sport. Adequate conditioning only takes a little talent, but it does take a certain amount of intelligence (to do it right).

Top conditioning separates men from boys, the women from girls. It seems all so simple; it makes you think about how it all can go wrong. It’s common sense, but it shows you that common sense is rare.

Here are a few of my top conditioning tips to help you raise your game.

Train Body Weight

Bodybuilding still has an iron grip on the iron game and, sadly enough, sports performance. The beginning of your strength routine should have nothing to do with iron in the first place.

Some overenthusiastic coaches will have the athletes start with benching, which could be better. The chance of acquiring an injury is too great; begin your strength training with the basics.

basketball Strength and Conditioning tips

Train your body weight before using weights or any other external resistance. Many athletes scoff at mentioning bodyweight exercises, like bodyweight exercises are only for punks. Nothing can be further from the truth.

Body weight exercises are f—ing hard! Athletes have no business benching or squatting until they can control their body, stabilizing their shoulder girdle and core by doing push-ups and full squats.

I can’t count how many athletes I’ve witnessed load up the bar for their squat and bench press (and execute these exercises with poor form) while they can only correctly do a full squat or one-leg squat with no weight! Body control and stabilization are far more critical than Max strength.

With power and stabilization, stability is of use. Once you develop these qualities, you will be surprised how fast you progress.

Train with free weights.

Anyone who knows me knows how I feel about free weights. I am a strong advocate of free weight training over machine-based training. For every athlete training today, the benefits of exercise with free weights should be common knowledge.

Benefits such as stabilization and body control in three planes in motion cannot be acquired with machine training. But I still see too much machine-based activity in several of the strength and conditioning workout books I purchase (e.g., lots of leg extensions and curls).

People, we are “athletes,” not bodybuilders! As far as I’m concerned, machine-based training is only valid for beginners for a limited time and very sparingly.

Use various methods to train multiple joints to develop strength and power.

There’s more than one way to skin a cat, which was said to me a long time ago (O.K., I admit getting old!–But aren’t we all?). Meaning there’s more than one to get the job done. But there’s only one way to get the job done if you want maximum strength and power – Training multiple weight strength basketball

Training multiple joints helps develop explosive force and coordination. It can do much more for you than a bicep or leg extension exercise, which has no place in an athletic development program. They’re more for aesthetics (show) than anything else.

Don’t limit yourself when choosing MJ exercises (In this case, for those that don’t know, MJ means multiple joints – not Michael Jordan!). For example, Back squats and leg presses aren’t the only game in town when it comes to developing leg strength to increase your vertical jump.

Try doing full-front squats instead. This version of the squat should be used more often, rarely. Great exercise! In one movement, you develop core strength and multi-joint flexibility (wrist, shoulder, hip, knee, and ankle).

Also, combine various lifts to cut training time and intensify your training effect. For example, deep front squats with a shoulder press, lunge with a shoulder press, or combining a Romanian deadlift with a back row. These lifts will tax your nervous system!

Train multi-planar and unilaterally.

More than 85% of your core musculature/powerhouse/pillar, whatever you want to call it, is rotational. And most sports, I’ll say more than 95%, take place in all three planes of motion simultaneously, backward and Forward, side to side, and up and down, with unilateral movements.

multi joint exercises for basketball

Yet most strength programs use exercises and activities with bilateral movements in the sagittal plane (Back to Front). How is that possible? More than 80% of the gait cycle (running and walking) is spent on one leg.

Every sports performance program on the planet should include one Leg squats, split squats, lunges, and step-ups. If these exercises are not in your schedule, you must seriously reevaluate your program!
Hey, nobody said that getting better was easy! Keep focused.

There’s nothing like old-school exercises for enhancing athletic performance. By adhering to these tips listed, you’ll already have a big jump in the competition. I guarantee it.

best basketball coaching books
Basketball Training

Basketball Coaching Tips – How to Have a Successful Season

A “must-have” set of basketball coaching tips seems to come from anyone who has ever picked up a clipboard and whistle.

I guess I’m no different. The following aspects of coaching the game of basketball are, to me, the bedrock of a successful season and the foundation of becoming a good basketball coach.

You can survive without these coaching skills, and you may even win a few basketball games without them. But you will not win consistently, and you will not win against strong teams unless you – the coach – can do these things.

And on top of that, without considerable focus on these skills, you cannot progress in your abilities to coach basketball.

So, the Champs Hoops team discusses plenty of skills needed to make a person an effective coach, here are a few basketball coaching tips to help us approach the game in the right manner:

Best Basketball Coaching Tips

Be Organized and Prepared

Good organization begins way before the season begins. If you aren’t organized, your players will not progress and your team will not improve.

This is essential in coaching basketball – I have seen so many coaches out on the court with a vague idea of what they want to do but no plan.Basketball Coaching Tips

Sometimes they win, but that’s due almost solely to the natural abilities of their players. If you want to make a difference, always be prepared and organized.

There are, of course, other aspects to being prepared. Keep track of player progress (more on that below), stay on top of game stats so you can spot weak points in your team’s play, be prepared to prevent and treat an injury, organize home games and transportation for away games, have road trips planned out well in advance – the list never stops!

Maintain Discipline and Focus

Basketball Practices need to be learning experiences, and not just about how to shoot a basketball or how to pass (although they are important!). Attitude is more important than skill, especially if you look at the larger picture, at what we want our players to take from their experience with us in the world after basketball.

Practice sessions are not just for learning physical skills – they’re also for learning mental skills. If our players can’t focus in practice, that ability won’t magically appear in the game.duke basketball coaching staff

Start each practice with a brief overview of what you want to focus on – e.g., improve passing skills – so players know what you are looking for. Then keep them on task and motivate them to work hard to constantly improve.

Players need to work hard and remained focused for the entire practice. They can have fun, and enjoy what they are doing, as long as they are working hard and trying to improve to the best of their ability.

You only have so many practices before the season begins, and you can’t afford to waste any – be guaranteed your competition will not. And by improving their ability to focus in practice, your players will be able to focus better in the game, where it counts.

Along those lines, here’s another coaching tip: going into every game you should develop game goals for the team – outcomes or actions you want the team to focus on (perhaps this is another basketball coaching tip all on its own, but I’ll mention it here anyway.)

Maybe it’s a rebounding target or reducing turnovers. It’s whatever you think the team needs to work on the most, based on what you have seen in your previous games’ stats and practices.

Whatever the game goals, your players need to be focused on achieving them, while at the same time doing everything else the game of basketball requires of them.

Model Proper Behavior

The coach’s attitude sets the tone for the rest of the team.

Consider what we want our players to do:

  • Show up 15 minutes early to work on their weak points.
  • Stay focused throughout the entire practice and work hard.
  • Stay ten minutes after practice just to squeeze in a little more time on what they’ve learned
  • Work on skills in their spare time, of their initiative
  • Respect the game and the officials and their opponents
  • Respect themselves and their teammates

But players will emulate their coach. If the coach screams at the refs, throws chairs, screams at his players, or makes snide comments on the bench, you can bet this will carry over to the players, and bad attitudes and technical fouls start to fly all over the coaching near me

The coach needs to be the model of appropriate behavior, disciplined during practices, collected during games, and the foundation upon which the team is built.

Your behavior on the court stems from your philosophy on coaching basketball. Determine for yourself what you want your players to achieve through your coaching, use this as the basis for developing your coaching philosophy, and then stay true to that philosophy as you coach and deal with your players.

Every Player is an Individual

Every player is different, and each basketball position requires a focus on different skills, so each player’s development has to be handled individually.

Just as you set goals for the team to accomplish during pre-season (e.g., run a proper fast break, and effectively execute plays), you need to set goals for individual players as well.

Individual player goals will mostly take the form of skill improvement, whereas team goals will be more along the lines of teamwork and execution of team strategy. Specific goals will help players focus clearly on what they are trying to accomplish and will make them more likely to achieve success.

From the beginning of the season, evaluate your players to determine what skills they need to improve on, assign each of them a prioritized list of skills they need to work on, and then encourage (demand?) players to be at practice for 15 minutes early to work on developing these skills.

Continually observe their progress in these pre-practice sessions, as well as through practice observation and by using game stats.

basketball youth coaching

Make adjustments as you go along, tweaking instructions according to how your players are progressing, and when they finally succeed at reaching their goals, acknowledge their achievements and then set new goals and start all over.

Another basketball coaching tip on game stats: they can be useful in identifying improvement and weak spots, but don’t become a slave to them, and don’t let your players become obsessed with their stats.

Be a Team Builder

This is a team game, and while your players’ individual development is important, the team must be able to trust each other and act as one.

Coaches tend to be focused on the game – the skills and strategies needed to win. Turning the focus to a “soft skill” like building relationships doesn’t come naturally to a lot of us, myself included.

Here are some possible ways to accomplish this:

  • Start every season right after tryouts with a team retreat. It doesn’t need to be anything extravagant, just a day or two where the team is together and plays games (not necessarily basketball) and works together. This can be the beginning of the development of your team identity.
  • Build team camaraderie through activities such as fundraising. This serves another, more obvious purpose that is important in its own right – raising money to pay for various expenses – but having your players involved in the planning and execution of the fundraising activities also gives them a sense of collective purpose and will help them gel in the basketball coaching books
  • Host a basketball tournament. Again, this serves more than one purpose – playing the tournament gives your team more playing experience so that they become a stronger team, as well, as organizing the tournament schedule, preparing for it, and managing the various activities that go along with it help the team become more of a team.
  • Set up a “fan appreciation” night, where your players can barbeque hot dogs or something for fans before a dance. Hand out booster buttons to anyone who buys – this will serve as a community-building activity as well as a team-building activity. Ask parents to help if you want, but the focus needs to be on the players.
  • Be liberal with organizing team-building activities, such as Christmas parties, and maybe use some of that fundraising money on affinity gear for the team – and for more fundraising by selling more of that affinity gear to fans.

Whenever possible, give your players a sense of ownership of the team – with a more personal stake in the team’s success and image, they’ll work harder and perform better. Get them involved.

Be a Program Builder

It’s not just a team you are building, but an entire program. The team is the nucleus of the program, but if you are aiming for championships, you can’t be insulated from everything else going on. You need to focus on developing your team, but you also need to focus on developing your program as a whole.

Building a championship program requires you to:

  • Build support systems with the school, parents, student union, booster clubs, and local businesses
  • Promote and market the team, within and outside the school
  • Develop your abilities (see coaching tip #7)
  • Create relationships with feeder programs as well as college programs

To condense this basketball coaching tip into one sentence – see the big picture and constantly work to improve upon what you have already built.

Never Stop Learning

If you want to grow something, you need to water it regularly. If you want your coaching skills to improve, you have to continuously be striving to improve your knowledge and your system – the things you do and the way you do things.

Always be reading up on how other basketball coaches have done things, experiment with new approaches, and new basketball strategies, take note of what worked and what didn’t, keep the good and drop the bad, and always be refining the system.

Keep your eyes open, because there are always more basketball coaching tips to be found and different ways to do things.

Attend seminars and coaching clinics – you likely have some governing body in your region that provides periodic clinics or certification courses, so find out what that organization is and sign up for their newsletter or RSS feed. Keep abreast of what is going on.

There are plenty of more coaching tips out there, and I’ll continue to revise and add them as time goes on. But these few are a good place to start.

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ball passing drills

Basket Ball Control Drills and Passing

There are 30 seconds left in the game, and you need to burn the clock out. This is where you need to protect the ball from being checked from your hand and stolen. It must be crisp and accurate if you need to make a pass.

These are skills that, once mastered, make you a better player on the court. They often go overlooked for their showboating antics and trash-talking. Trust me when I say being able to dance circles around your opponent with the ball is all the trash-talking you need to do.

Having control of the game requires players who can control the ball. It is essential that dribbling and passing are fundamentals drills. You take the time to learn and learn well.

Ball Control and Passing Drills


This seems like a grade-school lesson to teach, but as we mentioned before,being a good dribbler is paramount to being the best basketball player you can be. If you watch the top ball-control players in the NBA, they have control of their dribble and can make the ball go anywhere they want.

It’s like the ball is on the end of a string – it goes between their legs, in either hand, around the back, and it rarely gets away from them, but it’s always out of the opponent’s reach.Basket Ball Control drill
We’ve all played against the point guard who has spent much time ensuring his ball-control skills were excellent. They frustrate you and force you to make stupid mistakes simply because they can keep the ball away from you.

So what are the two basics to being a good – no great – dribbler?


I suggest making sure you are in control at all times. Nothing is worse than a player who thinks he or she can dribble around anyone and anything, only to lose it because they lost control and had it stolen.

Always maintain your poise when dribbling. After considerable practice, you can execute all of the more advanced dribbling skills without looking at the ball and being worried about losing it to your opponent.


This goes hand in hand with control. Along with the ball, you have to have control of your body to maintain reasonable control of the ball. Work on maintaining solid footwork and ensuring your body is squarely over your feet.

Proper Technique

Whether you are streaking the court or protecting the dribble near the baseline, you need to consider how you are bouncing the ball. Are you bouncing it too high and out in the middle of the court? Or are you bouncing it too far in front of you?

Here are some pointers for Dribbling:

  • When running down the court, it is safe to dribble the ball ahead of you, but make sure you are dribbling in stride – don’t chase the ball. Also, make sure you are dribbling it at about waist height and no more. The higher the ball travels, the easier it is to steal.
  • If you are stationary, keep the ball just above knee height. Place your non-dribbling side foot slightly ahead of your other foot and use your body to shield another player from coming across to steal it. With one foot ahead, you can also quickly pass the ball through your legs to the other hand. Protecting the ball while standing still is the most critical thing to remember.Control and Passing Drills
  • Try to keep your head up. It will take practice to become more comfortable, but it will pay dividends in the end. Believe it or not, it is easier to steal the ball away from someone not looking up than from a player who is watching what you are doing. This also makes it easier for you to execute a quick pass.
  • Practice your advanced moves. This is not showboating; don’t let anyone tell you otherwise. Keeping the ball away from an opponent while protecting it and possibly moving past them is worth learning and executing.
  • Don’t slap at the ball when you are dribbling. You have no control over where the ball is going. Use the palm of your hand and the fingertips to maintain control of the basketball.

    Drills and practice for dribbling:

    If you want to be a better dribbler, take that basketball wherever you go. Dribble with it to school, in the driveway, to your friend’s house – anywhere!

    Other than shooting, dribbling well takes the most practice of any basketball skill to perfect. Any chance you get to bounce the ball, bounce it.


At the park

Take some time before you start shooting to move around the court leisurely, dribbling into different positions. Please don’t do it at full speed until you can get the hang of the comfort of dribbling the ball. Go half-speed and bounce the ball through your legs to the other hand.

Do the same if you want to go behind the back. Maintain your footwork and balance; before you know it, you will naturally be doing these things at full speed when you are playing against your friends in the park or on the court for a game.

Also, make sure you take the time to practice with your opposite hand. Nothing is worse than watching a right-handed player try to drive to the left-hand side of the basketball hoop and have the ball swatted from their reach because they couldn’t protect the ball on the left side of their body.

Here’s a drill to use both hands and get used to the transition between each of them:

  • Place your legs one in front of the other (whichever side you are the most comfortable putting the ball through first)
  • Make sure you have good balance and a sturdy stance.
  • Bounce the ball twice at about knee height, then put the ball in your other hand on the third bounce without moving the rest of your body. Bounce twice, and return it to your other hand on the third bounce.
  • Continue doing this drill until you can look straight up and ahead of yourself without looking at where the ball is going. For this drill to be successful, you need to be able to dribble the ball without looking at it.

Try switching which leg is ahead and which is behind because you will likely be faced with the situation where you need to reverse the above drill in the face of game action.

A variation of that drill is to look straight ahead with your legs one ahead of the other and just one bounce between the legs each time a hand touches the ball. Another way to do it is to try and walk along the basketball court and, with each stride, put the ball through your legs.

The hot potato is another good drill to increase the speed and coordination of your hands. You’ve probably seen the Harlem Globetrotters use this one during the middle of a game.

Dribble the ball low to the ground – I mean real low – and push it quickly to the ground, exchanging hands each time you touch it. You should be able to get so quick at this drill that the ball will hit the ground twice or thrice a second.


We’ve all been guilty of bad passes on the basketball court, whether because of bad timing or bad passing. There are a few things that you can work on to make sure you aren’t the culprit when a ball is turned over because of a bad pass.

The basics of being a good passer are accuracy, anticipation, and timing. Each of these is important to master in the types of passes – chest pass, bounce pass, baseball pass, and the ever-popular dish-off.ball passing drills

The chest pass (or push pass) and the bounce pass should be the passes you regularly choose because the baseball pass is often erratic and costly on the turnover side of the score sheet, and the dish is a lower percentage play.

Here are some pointers to help you with your passing:

  • Pass to where your teammate should be, not where they are. If they are moving, putting the ball behind them does no good. The chance of a trailing defender intercepting the pass is much greater if the passer doesn’t lead with the ball.
  • Try to anticipate where your players will end up during a play. If you are trying to get them the ball, they should keep their head up waiting for a pass. You might hit them in the head several times before they get the gist. Anticipation is one of the basic instincts a guard or small forward can develop for their passing skills.
  • Ensure you are timing your passes to reach your teammate when they are making their cut. It goes hand in hand with anticipation. Once you anticipate, ensure the ball gets there when the play develops.
  • Fake with the ball. In most situations, you aren’t free of a defender in your face or stuck like glue to your teammate. It would help if you got in the habit of faking a pass before making one. “Fake before you make” is the mantra of a solid passer. Fake a bounce pass before making a chest pass, and vice versa. You create a more apparent passing lane with the fake, ensuring the ball will reach your teammate.
  • Always hold on to and pass the ball with two hands. Even with a bounce pass, to avoid having the ball slapped from your hands, keep both hands securely on the ball

Proper Technique

With all passes, there should be a standard positioning to ensure you get the power and accuracy behind the ball when you go to pass.

  • Stand with your feet shoulder-width apart, one slightly ahead of the other.
  • Both hands should be on the ball.
  • Just like baseball, lead with your feet. It’s just that in basketball, you should lead with the foot on the side you are passing to.
  • Always be looking up. Don’t try to pass the ball with your head buried in the sand.

Other ball control tips:

  • If you or your team is trying to kill extended periods, short quick passes will keep your opponent running and keep them guessing. Just follow the techniques above, and you will keep them at bay.
  • Know the rules and how to use them to your advantage. It might be a good idea when you are trying to kill time, if you are hammering a team on the boards, to take a shot or two now and then. The 30-second clock resets every time a shot hits the rim. If you can snag the rebound, you bought yourself another half-minute
  • Don’t try to dribble through and around everybody to wind the clock down. Your teammates are your allies – make the pass.
how to get defensive stopper
Basketball Training

How to Make a Basketball Player a Defensive Stopper with Smothering Speed

Becoming a great defensive stopper in basketball involves attitude, intelligence, and movement ability. The first two are usually something you’re born with, yet they can be developed somewhat. The last of the three, movement ability, can be taught. Granted, some players are naturally quick and agile, but even fast players must learn the skill of athletic movement.

Playing defense on a ball handler requires good lateral movement in the form of a defensive shuffle and crossover run. The ability to stop and change direction instantly without stumbling is imperative.

The ability to quickly rotate the hips and place the feet in the exact position to explosively push you toward the offensive player’s move will separate you from the rest. Combining laser-like movements to counteract every offensive activity will put you in control of the offensive players’ game.

Make a Basketball Player a Defensive Stopper

This article aims to teach you a few essential methods of athletic movement that will improve your ability to play defense like never before. Whether you’re a coach or trainer trying to improve your athlete’s skills or an athlete wanting to become quicker, these methods will produce results.Basketball Player a Defensive Stopper

The first and most foundational movement skill is the lateral shuffle or defensive slide.

The role of the defensive fall is to maintain a good position in front of the ball handler and be able to change direction quickly.

The primary teaching point, improving lateral shuffle speed and quickness, is maintaining a consistent hip height and creating optimal push-off and stopping angles with the lower leg. The ultimate goals are to eliminate unwanted motions and increase speed.

When teaching the shuffle, hip height is the first concern. When the hips rise during the shuffle, the feet are pulled up and away from the floor surface. When this occurs, it becomes even more difficult to change direction quickly.

If the hips settle too low, then an incredible amount of energy is expended just by returning to a normal defensive position. The straightest line between two points is a straight line. If the hips are going up and down while the direction of travel is left or right, a decrease in the speed of movement will occur.

The second area of concern when teaching the shuffle is the position of the lower leg.

The lower leg is responsible for creating optimal stopping and starting angles. This simply means when the lower leg stops the body, it must be in a position not to allow stuttering steps, to roll off the ankle, or to cause the body to fall over due to planting the foot too close under the to get defensive stopper

The ultimate goal of maintaining proper hip height and push-off angle is to increase the overall movement speed. The power leg, the leg pushing the body in the direction of travel, must be able to push off with triple extension at the ankle, knee, and hip.

The power leg must also be able to recover back under the hips to be able to push down and away continuously. If this action is mastered while maintaining proper hip height, the lateral shuffle will be quick and explosive.

The third area of concern when mastering the shuffle is the “Hip Turn.”

The “Hip Turn” is used to quickly turn the hips and feet to apply aggressive force into the ground with the power leg and propel the body in the direction of travel. This will be performed without raising the hips and with a proper push angle.

The hip turn is used to stay with the ball handler when an attempt to dribble by you occurs, and you are in an athletic stance or shuffling. The old method of pivoting will get you beat every time. The pivot creates friction on the floor and doesn’t allow for an aggressive push-off angle using the plyometric abilities of the muscles.

To execute the hip turn, simply rotate the hips and feet while dissociating from the upper body. The power leg will be placed opposite the travel direction to propel the body immediately.

This move will allow you to react and move with the offensive player’s first move. Once the hip turn is completed, then you must decide quickly to use a shuffle technique, crossover technique, or turn and run with the ball handler.

If basketball players wishing to become better defensive stoppers took the time to learn and practice these simple techniques, they would see dramatic improvements in their quickness.

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history of basketball for kids
Basketball Champs

The History of Basketball And All The Facts About Origin Of Game

Basketball (or “basket ball” as it was originally named) came out of a need to get college-age students something safer to play instead of American Football. Also, there was a gap when summer sports ended as there wasn’t yet a group sporting activity that was playable indoors and out of season to keep younger people entertained.

 A Brief History Of Basketball Game

Naismith is THE father of basketball GAME and he Invented THE basketball game on December 21, 1891.


Why Basketball Was Invented?

Unlike the protections afforded American football players today with excessive padding, better quality protective helmets, and better medical procedures for impact and concussive injuries, little of that existed in the late 1880s. This was a post-Western era where the California Gold Rush had passed, the age of the railroad was upon us and even Penicillin hadn’t been discovered yet.the History of Basketball


To avoid students getting seriously hurt playing football, James Naismith who was a teacher at Springfield College (as it’s known today) was tasked with coming up with a different sporting activity that the college kids could play in the gymnasium.

In the pre-TV, pre-smartphone age, creativity, and inventiveness were the order of the day. Back then, people came up with ideas even if they weren’t technically known as scientists or inventors.

Naismith had a group of young men who needed guidance. While the gymnasium of the time supported such activities as Calisthenics, band marching, and working with the gym equipment available, none of this was engaging enough for a youthful bunch of students who needed something to burn through the energy they had.

It didn’t help that the traditional football season was over and had been for a few weeks with the youth visually restless.

Even the game of Lacrosse, also a staple at the time as it is today, didn’t help because both American football and Lacrosse tend to only be played outdoors and in the warmth of summer through to the Indian summer as the natural light and heat of the summer sun faded into the fall.

Basketball was invented to fill this void.

Where & When Was Basketball Invented?

There’s some confusion about where basketball was first created. This is mainly due to the passage of time where the facts tend to either get muddled or lost to history.

However, it’s also not helped that the college where basketball came into being was renamed multiple times over the years and had an association with a larger organization that still exists today as well.

This has sowed the seeds of confusion over the correct facts. Recently though, a long-forgotten recording by the inventor himself, James Naismith, has surfaced which has served to confirm some facts and clarify still others too.

Exactly where basketball was invented was steeped in confusion until fairly recently. The educational establishment where it happened originally was named the School for Christian Workers.

The school was around in the late 1800s but went through some name changes along the way. An association or linkage was formed with the YMCA organization which eventually led to the school being renamed as the YMCA Training School.

when was basketball invented
Following that, the school broadened its approach by changing its name again to the International YMCA Training School. And as if that wasn’t enough, it morphed into the International YMCA College. Later, in 1954, it came to be renamed a final time to Springfield College which had been its unofficial title within its halls for many years already but got formalized at that time.

While it had variously been named after the YMCA through an ongoing co-operation with the YMCA, working with youth, and a strong focus on exercise, such as the looseness of ties back in those days that the then college was never actually part of the YMCA organization.

Outside of the building where basketball came to be invented, there was a sign that was barely noticeable which pointed to the Armory Hill Young Men’s Christian Association (i.e., the YMCA). It’s to be found in black and white photos of the era near the building and mistakenly people have felt that the building was owned and operated by the YMCA which is incorrect.

The situation was clarified in 2010 with papers both from Springfield College and the YMCA. The papers confirmed that basketball was invented in the School for Christian Workers, not the YMCA referred to in the street sign.

The building had dorms for students, classrooms, and offices. There was also space where the Armory Hill YMCA had leased out and the sign outside the building was to encourage new members where to find the local branch.

Basketball – The Early Years

Basketball, where there was a stand with a pole and a woven basket held at the top of it, was a later iterative design to be tried. The early ideas were revised to eventually use a basketball hoop and netting that is seen today on basketball courts.

Shortly after the game was invented and possibly due to a branch of the YMCA being in the building already, other students learned about the game fairly quickly. Young people at other YMCA branches started to produce their own basketball equipment so they too could try out this new sport.year when basketball game invented

A college magazine that was produced internally at the YMCA for distribution throughout their network published the early rules of this new game to make it clearer how to play.

What became known as Springfield College had a strong international student attendance, so when students went home, they took basketball with them. Soon after, young people in countries around the world were keen to give this new affordable sport a try.

By 1905, basketball had become such a mainstay of physical education and indoor sports in the U.S. that it was acknowledged as a winter sport and given a stamp of approval.

While the ‘Thirteen Rules’ was written up by Naismith himself and pinned to the notice board at Springfield College remains fairly true, it’s seen a few adjustments over the years.

Nevertheless, the game is largely the same as it was more than 120 years ago.

James Naismith and What Really Happened

James Naismith who was 31 at the time was a graduate of the Presbyterian College in Canada. He held a theology degree, yet his passion was for athletics. He duly headed to what became known as Springfield College to become better educated in physical education.

This was in the late 1880s, a relatively new concept where the idea of exercise or sports where lifespans were quite a bit shorter than they are today, was a novel concept.

Luther Halsey Gulick, who later became known as the father of physical education in America, was the superintendent at the time at Springfield. Naismith was a graduate student in his 30s in his second year.

He had already been added to the faculty as a teacher too. Gulick wanted to have the students get involved in more play for their restless souls, but he wanted something to engage their minds too.Naismith invents basketball on December 21,1891


The focus of a new game to be created was on one that could be played indoors, away from natural light, would be enjoyable for players, engaging mentally, and quick to learn.

With the sporting season wound down and students not keen to run through the usual uninteresting gym workouts, Naismith wanted to meet the challenge to come up with a new activity. None of the faculty or students had been able to come up with useful ideas up until this point yet Naismith was undeterred.

A Combination of Different Ideas

The idea was to create a group sport that could be enjoyed indoors and by a sizable number of players. This would keep students engaged and those on the sidelines entertained in equal measure.

There was the intention to avoid the roughhousing typical of football which sometimes caused players serious injuries. It would get students exercising without them realizing they were doing it.history of basketball for kids

It took considerable thought, throwing out new ideas along with some trial and error before Naismith came up with an idea that stuck. What he was looking for was a combination of elements.

He liked the movement and passing involved in rugby, the jumping with English rugby, was fond of an unusual game called Duck on a Rock which included the use of a goal and a ball, and the idea of using a different ball shape and size appealed too. He also wanted a goal where a player couldn’t slam – or throw or kick too fast – presumably to avoid possible injury.

Initially, two boxes were sought but the janitor at the college could only find baskets for storing peaches. These were each secured to a balcony at the gymnasium. The balcony was 10 feet above the ground where a basket was affixed at both ends.

A participant was stationed at the balcony at either end to retrieve any balls that went into the basket (no one had thought to create a hole for them to fall through yet) and throw them back down to be reused. It took a few years before someone had the bright idea to cut some holes in the baskets!

Naismith produced his 13 rules of basketball and his secretary produced a typed version. This is what went up on the noticeboard and was distributed within the YMCA at a later time. He then taught his students how to play basketball and threw the first ball to get the game started

cost to install in ground basketball hoop
Basketball Champs

Tips To Install an In Ground Basketball Hoop?

Steps to Install In Ground Basketball Hoop

Installing an in-ground basketball hoop is something that you don’t want to do more than once if you can avoid it. Some people choose to hire a handy person or a builder to prepare for it.

Tips to Install an In-Ground Basketball Hoop

The first step is to call 811 or other offices responsible for the utilities in the neighborhood to check whether digging a hole is going to hit any important lines buried in the ground which will knock out essential services.cost to install in ground basketball hoop

Once you’ve checked that you’re all clear from a local utility standpoint, you need to check if there’s any restriction from your housing association or other parties as to what can be installed in your front yard (or backyard for that matter).

Something that might be considered obstruction or blocking the view may contravene a rule and have to come out post-purchase and post-installation, so it’s best the verify that you’re good to go ahead.

It also never hurts to notify both your neighbors about your plans, so they know when they’ll be some work going on outside and can plan around it. They also can raise any meaningful objections at that time and not feel slighted.

Next, if you’re doing it yourself, you’ll need to pull together the tools that you’ll require.

This includes items like some nails and a hammer, a wheelbarrow, a post hole digger would certainly be essential, a shovel, some stakes, a measuring tape, a level checker to ensure the backboard is level with the ground, and enough concrete mix (with a place to mix it).

Consider the measurements that you’ll need for clearance to install the hoop and to have enough space to play too. Make sure to follow the instructions from the manufacturer clearly and fully as each model will have different information provided in many cases.

For instance, getting the right cement consistency is important otherwise it won’t be strong enough to hold the pole and heavy backboard in place.

Dig a hole deep enough for the length of the pole that will go into the ground. As different models have different pole lengths, check the instructions clearly before proceeding. The most common depth is 24 inches, but it does vary.

Once the concrete is filled inside the hole, the pole can be inserted. Bear in mind, that shortly after the pole is inserted, it will set and cannot be removed at to install in ground basketball hoop

Some in-ground basketball hoops come with an anchor kit. Sometimes these setups require a 48-inch depth; it all depends on the make and model. The number of bags of cement and the pounds of ready cement to pour depends entirely on the instructions and shouldn’t be bought or prepared until this is determined correctly.

The cement can be prepared inside the wheelbarrow and then shoveled inside the hole in the ground at the appropriate time.

Cement takes 24-72 hours to set fully. Follow the instructions completely here because otherwise, you could have a backboard falling over and breaking, possibly on top of a player. If the cement requires 3 days to be 100% secure, give it the full three days with no corner-cutting.

Related Post

Three-Point Shot
Basketball Champs

What the Three-Point Shot Can Do For You

Running the regular offense will work just fine. Why make specific changes to accommodate the three-point shot? Why focus on specific fundamental skills to take advantage of the 3-point shot better? After all, the three are only one part of the basketball game!

If it takes a little convincing to see the need to integrate the 3-point shot into your regular offense and develop players who can take advantage of 3-point shot opportunities, consider the following eight concepts:

  • Score in big surgesThree-Point Shot
  • To a point, you are never out of a game
  • Create an opportunity to catch up in a hurry
  • Open up the offense
  • Create driving opportunities
  • Change how teams defend you
  • Creates a fun style of play for the players
  • Creates a fun atmosphere for the fans

Score in Big Surges

Basketball is a game of momentum. The 3-point shot can play a significant role in shifting or creating momentum. For example, if the opponent scores six points by making three consecutive 2-point goals, this can create some momentum.

If your team responds with a pair of consecutive 3-point goals, not only has the six points been matched, but how it was accomplished can negate the opponent’s momentum and transfer it to your team.

Because three points are rewarded for a made 3-point field goal, making three or four 3-point shots in a short period scores more points than a comparable number of made 2-point shots. The extra points from the 3-point field goals create a surge in scoring that can snowball into unanswered points.

To a Point, You Are Never Out of a Game

There is a point where a team is so far behind it becomes unlikely the team will be able to score enough points to catch up and take the lead. With the 3-point shot, the number of points a team can fall behind and catch up on becomes greater.

The ability to create momentum, surges, and long unanswered runs by using the 3-point shot makes it possible for teams to stay in games longer and make a comeback even after falling behind by a considerable margin. To put it a different way, significant leads are no longer safe.

Create an Opportunity to Catch up in a Hurry

When trailing in a game, time is always the enemy. The 3-point shot allows more points to be scored for the same number of shots taken from 2-point field goal range, increasing the speed with which a deficit can be overcome.

Combining the increased scoring from the 3-point range with the surges and runs, the 3-point shot can create a significant number of points that can be scored quickly.

Open Up the Offense

With proper spacing, which is always a key component of good offensive play, the 3-point shot will open up the offense, creating more scoring opportunities for post players, penetration, and generally balanced scoring opportunities for all players.

Create Driving Opportunities

The 3-point shot, when combined with good offensive spacing, forces the defense to extend further from the goal than many defensive teams would like, creating more significant gaps in the defense and increasing the distance defenders must travel to provide help against penetration.

The effect of spreading the defense, increasing the distance between defenders, creates more extensive attack lanes for offensive players to dribble penetrate to score or create scoring opportunities for teammates.

Change How Teams Defend You

Teams will be forced to alter their usual strategy and tactics in defending an excellent 3-point offensive team. Teams who usually prefer to play a “pack” style of man-to-man defense, clogging the lane and making post-play difficult, will be forced to extend their defense, opening the lane and making post-defense more difficult.3 point short defense

Teams who prefer a “push” style of aggressive denial man-to-man defense will have to dial back their pressure or be overly vulnerable to dribble penetration. Zone defense teams may have to play man-to-man defense due to the significant gaps now created in the zone defense.

Creates a Fun Style of Play for the Players

The 3-point shot is a fun part of the game. It encourages players to develop their skills to take advantage of the shot. Players who can shoot the three-point shot must develop the ability to penetrate, score, and pass.

Post players must not only be able to score inside but now be able to find and pass to open perimeter shooters. The increased scoring opportunities, often combined with an up-tempo pace, make the game exciting and fun!

Creates a Fun Atmosphere for the Fans

Basketball is a spectator sport. Large, vocal crowds make the game fun for players, fans, and coaches. The 3-point shot, with its ability to create surges in scoring, momentum changes, and the possibility that the team behind can always come back, makes the game more interesting and entertaining for the fans.3 point line

The shot itself is exciting when a player scores from such a distance from the goal, and when combined with other plays in the game of basketball, such as the give and go, a fast break, or the dunk, it is one more component of the game that makes it so fan friendly.

Basketball Training

Core Workout, A Hoops Approach For Training The Abs & Low Back

A different approach to training the abs and low back

  •  Why is training the core (abs and low back) essential for basketball players?
  1. Injury Prevention – prepare their body for the rigors of the game. A strong core will help prevent hip and back injuries.
  2. Performance Enhancement – A well-developed abdominal area will increase their jumping ability.
  • What makes this workout different?
  1. Creative – The days of doing regular crunches are long gone; players want and need to be stimulated with new and innovative exercises.
  2. Competitive – To get the most out of an athlete, tap into their competitiveness. They must “compete” every exercise, either against another teammate or against the clock.
  3. Uses a ball – Basketball players love to have a ball in their hands. By giving them a ball, they like to work their core!

Perform each exercise in the order shown for 1:00 each (8:00 for the entire routine)

Plank (with hands-on ball)

Place your hands on the ball directly below your shoulders, and assume a “push up” position. Keep your hips up and to do tuck your chin.

Plank (bringing knees to elbows)

Same position as the basic plank, but now you will attempt to touch your elbow with your knee without letting your foot touch the ground.

Plank Training The Abs and Low Back

Plank (with feet on the ball)

Similar position to the basic plank, but now you will place your hands on the ground and your toes on top of the ball keeping your ankles at a 90-degree angle.

Alternating Push-ups

Begin in a push-up position with one hand on the ball and the other on the floor. Perform a push-up, roll the ball to the other hand, and repeat until failure.

Over & Unders (Figure 8’s)

Sit up on your backside without letting your feet touch the ground and alternating pulling each knee to your chest while placing the ball “over and under” each leg.


Lye on your back with your legs slightly bent and your heels on the ground (a “crunch” position). Hold the ball firmly in both hands and perform a modified sit-up. You will touch the ball against the background above your head and then on the floor between your legs.Woodchoppers exercise

Side to Side Twists

Assume the same starting position as the Over & Unders. Holding the ball with both hands, twisting your shoulders from side to side, and touching the ball on the ground next to your hip. Do your best to get your shoulders square in the direction you are tapping.

Toe Touches

Lie on your back with your feet in the air (forming a 90-degree angle with the ground). In a crunching motion, try and touch the ball to your shoestrings.

basketball 3 point short
Basketball Champs

Five Ways to Get to the Foul Line

Free throws and lay-ups win games. It is that simple. Three have their role, dunks are crowd pleasers and two’s from the low post and mid-range add up. But free throws and lay-ups decide the outcome of games.

It’s not just the points from the free throws, mind you, that impact the outcome of the game. The impact of the fouls that create the free throw opportunities plays a large role in the outcome of the game.

Good offense, both zone attack and man-to-man, includes a plan to draw fouls.

Fouls negatively impact a TEAM by:

  1. Allowing the opponent to score with the clock stopped.
  2. Allow the opponent to substitute.Get to the Foul Line
  3. Allow the opponent to set up a pressing defense without fear of a quick transition off the free throw.
  4. Can reduce the playing time of a key player due to personal foul totals.
  5. Can limit the aggressiveness of a TEAM due to total TEAM fouls.
  6. Can limit the aggressiveness of an individual player due to personal foul totals.
  7. Can allow the opponent to protect a lead.
  8. Can increase a made basket with a foul by one point.

Given all of the benefits of getting an opposing TEAM and individual opponents to foul, it is well worth the time and emphasis to teach players how to draw fouls.

While a free throw is not awarded, the best strategic foul that can be drawn is a charge. A quick rundown on why includes the following reasons:

  1. Drawing a charge negates a basket.
  2. The TEAM who drew the charge is awarded the ball.
  3. The individual who committed the charge is assessed a personal foul.
  4. The TEAM that committed the charge receives an additional foul for the TEAM foul total.
  5. TEAMS that consistently draw charges successfully can intimidate and physically negate great penetrating TEAMs and players with excellent penetration skills.

Ways to draw fouls other than drawing a charge include:

  1. Use of the shot fake.
  2. Penetration into the lane/to the rim.
  3. Establishing a position first and holding it legally.
  4. Entering the ball into the post.
  5. Obtaining an offensive rebound.

One of the most underutilized dills on offense is the shot fake and pass fake. Shot fakes should only be two inches of ball movement with no uncoiling of the legs.

The offensive player must “sell the fake” with his/her eyes and wait until the defender leaves the ground before initiating the shot. If possible, the offensive player should initiate physical contact to draw the foul.

However, understand this could lead to an offensive foul being called on the shooter. If the defender is vertical in all aspects no contact should be made. If the defender is off the vertical plane, particularly his/her arms, in any way, contact should be made as the official will call a foul on the defensive 3 point short

Penetration to the lane forces the defense to collapse. Simply increasing the number of bodies in a fixed and limited space will increase the likelihood of physical contact. Penetrating to the rim with defense present will nearly always draw a foul.

The rim is the most important area on the court defensively and will draw a crowd in a hurry. The ability of a player to get to the rim and score a lay-up not only results in a two-point goal, but it creates opportunities to pass the ball for three-point shot attempts and post-scoring opportunities.

All of these reasons place pressure on the defense to prevent penetration to the rim area, increasing the likelihood of a foul being committed.

position first and holding it allows the offense to receive a pass and often forces the defense to make contact to attempt to deflect the pass or defend after the ball’s arrival.

Establishing position first and holding it allows the offense to receive a pass and often forces the defense to make contact to attempt to deflect the pass or defend after the ball’s arrival.

Entering the ball into the post combines two earlier concepts, penetration into the lane (via a pass) and establishing position first and holding it. The offensive low post is a high-percentage scoring area and the defense will go to great lengths to protect it.

Once the ball is in the low post the defense must crowd the low post player, increasing the number of players in a fixed limited area. Holding an established position puts the defense at a disadvantage.

Finally, using the shot fake for a low post shot almost always ensures a foul will be called if the post player is a skilled scorer.

Obtaining an offensive rebound combined with a shot fake will almost always draw a foul. The defense is in a very poor position and most offensive rebounds are obtained in a high percentage area of the court in terms of shooting.

Teams who consistently practice foul discipline and have low TEAM foul totals and run an offensive system that emphasizes drawing fouls have a significant advantage in every game.

Dip or Not Dip
Basketball Training

Dipping is An Important Part of Basketball Shooting!

I want to address the subject of Dipping while shooting a basketball. Dipping is lowering and raising the ball in line when setting it up to shoot. It generally happens when the ball is received via a pass in a “Catch-and-Shoot” motion.

You could also do a dipping action when dribbling, and you stop your dribble and have time to start the ball a little higher and then bring it down and back up to the Set Point for a Jump Shot.

As many coaches and players have heard, some coaching theory says you should not “dip” the ball as you go to shoot because the defenders in these days of formidable defenses will steal the ball. With this idea in mind, many coaches make up a rule that one should never dip.


From my experience, most shooters instinctively want to dip the ball because of what I call the“Inertia effect” in the shooting.

The Law of Inertia (Sir Isaac Newton’s First Law of Motion) says, “An object in motion tends to stay in motion and the same direction until affected by an outside or unbalanced force!” Dipping is the body’s wisdom to create energy with the ball moving online, which will help with direction and accuracy.


I feel this “rule” is a vast overreaction. If you are so closely guarded that you can’t afford a second or even a half-or-quarter-second to dip the ball (at least a little), then you should probably not even be taking the shot because you’re going to miss most of such shots.dipping in basketball


I don’t mind being labeled with the “Dr. Dip” moniker because it’s such an important distinction! It’s what sets up Inertia, a critical factor in the shooting. However, a better title for me might be “Captain Inertia” since that’s what this whole article is about.


This idea of catching the ball all ready to shoot seems to make sense and be helpful since defenses are so tight these days. But the idea interferes with great shooting! If your knees are already bent, then the “down & up” energy available from leg action is largely sacrificed (at least 50 percent is lost – all you have is the “up” energy).

If you don’t dip the ball(if caught high), you lose any Inertia energy you could generate and catch, and you must create accurate direction from scratch.

That’s hard to do, mainly when pressure is applied. If you miss one or a few shots shooting this way and your confidence is challenged, you might want to stop shooting to avoid embarrassment.


Go to a court and try these different ways of shooting. Don’t dip and see how it feels and works. Then Dip and notice if there’s more in-line energy.

Isn’t the connection to the target just more accurate and powerful? Doesn’t the ball want to fly into the basket? And make a Catch-and-Shoot motion receiving the ball in a crouched position with knees already-and-Shoot motion receiving the ball in a crouched position with knees already bent and shooting, then do it by catching the ball with legs straight and then bending the knees down & up to shoot.

It takes a little more time, and you must know where your defender is, but the benefits are enormous. Compare and contrast, and I’ll bet you’ll choose to dip whenever possible and catch the ball straight-legged, then do your down-up action to generate leg power.